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Action Plan - General Preparedness against Avian Influenza
General Guidelines Poultry Biosecurity
Surveillance Plan for Avian Influenza in the country
 
Bird Flu virus or H5N1 virus is spreading very fast across the whole world. The deadly strain of avian influenza, or bird flue, has claimed nearly 100 lives in Asia and has migrated into parts of Africa, the Middle East and Europe.
The disease is highly infectious in birds but does not, so far, spread easily between humans. The fear is it could soon mutate into a form that can.
Rapid elimination of the H5N1 virus among infected birds and other animals is essential to preventing a major outbreak.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infected flocks of chickens and other birds be killed in order to help prevent further and reduce possibility of human infection.
However, strict safety measures must be taken to prevent exposure of the virus among workers involved in culling.
"Haryana State is free from Bird Flu. However, keeping in view the spreading of the disease very fast across the world, adequate measures have been initiated. The department has organized conferences on Avian Influenza at all the four divisional headquarters on dated 4/8/06 & 9/8/06. Senior officers from the district administration, Animal Husbandry & Dairying Department, and other line departments like Forest, Health, PWD (B&R), Public Health, Local Bodies etc. & Poultry breeders of concerned districts participated in these conferences. There is no reason to be scare of the disease and state is fully prepared for undertaking the control & containment operations.
Haryana is following the action plan prepared by Government of India for State Animal Husbandry Departments for the prevention of this highly infectious disease. For detailed Action Plan prepared by Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India, its website www.dahd.nic.in can be logged on.
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MIGRATORY BIRDS
 
BAR HEADED GOOSE
 
BROWN HEADED GULL
 
PALLAS GULL
 
RUDDY SHELDUCK
     
Facts about Poultry Sector
Contributes 9% of the total G.D.P.  
Poultry contributes 34% of the Agricultural (AH) G.D.P.  
India amongst the 5 Top producers of eggs.  
6th Top producer of broilers valued at over Rs. 10,000/- crores  
70% rural employments in Livestock sector  
Poultry Status in the State
Poultry Population
- 197.00 lac
Large Commercial Poultry farms (above 2.00 lac birds)
- 6
Medium Commercial Poultry farms (above 0.20 lac birds)
- 224
Small Commercial Poultry farms (below 0.20 lac birds)
1730
Identified water bodies  
 
i)
Sultanpur (Gurgaon) – 1.5 Sq. km.
 
 
ii)
Bhindawas (Jhajjar) - 4.5 Sq. km.  
Hatcheries - 105 (Only two in Govt. Sector)  
Backyard poultry mainly confined to Distt. Gurgaon & Mewat  
Facts ?
90 % of human diseases in the last forty years have had their origin in zoonosis.  
Animal Health should be seen more as an integral dimension of Human Health.  
Animal health is an under-financed sector.  
Investments and manpower in animal health require urgent national and state level review.  
Avian Influenza -H5N1 Strain
Viral disease caused by a RNA virus  
Zoonotic  
Mild to acute. Fatal in Chicken, Turkey, Guinea Fowl & Migratory Fowl.  
Highly pathogenic in human resulting in fatality  
KEY:Contain disease at source i.e. the bird
Step1: Surveillance  
Both AH and Forests; differentiate between unusual and normal incidence of mortality: proper dispatch of samples
 
Step 2: Preparedness if there is outbreak  
GOI checklist: RRT, PPE, DC, HR, etc.  
Step 3: Activation in Suspicion stage  
  Positioned to start operations next day.  
Step 4: Conduct operations efficiently  
  Cull, clean. Surveillance  
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Role of different departments in control and Containment of Avian Influenza
  District Administration
 
i)
Central coordinating role for various operations
 
ii)
Movement control, ban on sale of poultry and related products
 
iii)
Maintaining supply lines for equipments etc.
 
iv)
Enforcement of legislative frame work to enforce restrictions
 
v)
Quarantine, closure of shops, compensation
  Animal Husbandry & Dairying
 
i.
Surveillance
 
ii.
Information, education & communication (IEC)
 
iii.
Technical input in control & containment
 
iv.
Survey of poultry farms
 
v.
Procurement of PPEs
 
vi.
Inter departmental co-ordination
  Health
 
i.
Surveillance
 
ii.
Information, education & communication (IEC)
 
iii.
Technical input in control & containment
 
iv.
Survey of affected/effected population
 
v.
Procurement of necessary drugs including Tamiflu
  Forest
 
i.
Surveillance
 
ii.
Information, education & communication (IEC)
 
iii.
Technical input in control & containment
 
iv.
Survey of water bodies
  Police
 
i.
Restrictions on movement of vehicles, workforce
 
ii.
Enforcement of Administrative orders and regulations
 
iii.
Maintenance of law & orders
  Local Bodies/ Panchayats
 
i.
Arrangement of labour & material
 
ii.
Information, education & communication (IEC)
 
iii.
Assistance in control & containment operations
 
iv.
Arrangement for machinery/ cleaning equipments
 
v.
Lodging arrangements of RRT’s in affected area
  PWD(B&R)
 
i.
Arrangement of JCBs
 
ii.
Arrangement of lime & material for sanitation
 
iii.
Assistance in post operative sanitization programmes
 
Public Health
 
i.
Arrangement of water supply
 
ii.
Assistance in post operative sanitization programmes.
   
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This Website belongs to Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, State Goverment of Haryana, India
Pashudhan Bhawan, Bays No. 9-12, Sector -2, Panchkula, Haryana Ph: 0172-2574662 | Fax: 0172-2586837
Email: dg.ahd@hry.nic.in, pashudhanhar@rediffmail.com
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